Wednesday, June 12, 2013

Physical therapy in Osteo Arthritis

Role of Physiotherapy inside Arthritis

The word 'Arthritis' literally means arthritis. The warning signs with them Arthritis are pain, swelling, joint stiffness, difficulty in moving one or more joints. Arthritis can be a healthful event which can affect all five, social and work life unless which is well understood and treated in the long run.

There are 127 other form of Arthritis. The most typical types are OsteoArthritis as well as Rheumatoid Arthritis. OsteoArthritis is degenerative joint disease. It may be due to chronic deterioration or due to painful.

Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disease by which ones own immune system attacks cells given that joint capsule and neighboring chronic inflammation destroys cartilage, bone and ligaments, leading to deformity and disability. Physiotherapy contributes to major role in qualitative both Osteo & Rheumatoid Arthritis in addition to medicine or by on its own.

Even though many other factors contribute the development of Osteo Arthritis, the trigger may be deviation of regular body mechanics. By correcting the body mechanics the percentage of wear can considerably reduced. Obesity, muscle wasting, poor lean muscle strength, prolonged standing and physiological derangement of knee like ligament injury can also contribute to Osteo Arthritis. Physiotherapist can assess these basic causes helping to correct the pre getting rid of factors. If it is located and corrected early, Osteo Arthritis can be controlled to an absolute extend. Some patients may need medicine along with Essential.

Major Symptoms seen larger Osteo Arthritis are joint pain, restricted range of releases, swelling etc. Pain and swelling can be relieved with the use of hot packs or chilled packs, Ultrasound therapy, laser therapy, use of TENS or interferential therapy, strapping techniques etc. Range of motion and strengthening exercises can also be given to achieve maximum functional independence at home and at work place.

Type of Exercise useful for Arthritic patients

1. Range of motion exercises: It helps to keep normal joint movements and relieve stiffness. These are gentle stretches which move each joint as much as possible in all directions. Normal daily house be the best or office work may not help to improve joint range of activity and are not an alternative to ROM exercise.

2. Strengthening Exercises: It helps to help keep or increase the muscle strength, provide stability, support and protection to the joint, helps the joint to obtain more easily with less pain helping to prevent deformity. Isometric, isotonic or isokinetic exercises can be used according to the condition regarding patient. Isometric exercises involves tension of muscle without the big toe joint movement which maintains muscle tone, prevents muscle wasting in which joint range is unable to function well.

3. Endurance exercises: This helps to maintain cardiac exercise, ROM, to increase mechanised strength, to control body weight and to improve arthritis Symptoms. Aerobic exercises like the graded walking, use of bicycle or treadmill initially using the supervision of the physiotherapist can help to prevent complication.

How often people with Arthritis should working out?

ROM exercises can be achieved daily many times and they are done at least every other day. Strengthening exercises should be done every day unless you have severe pain or swelling in your joint appear repeated daily.

Endurance exercises should be done 20 to 30 minutes at the very least 3 times a week if you have severe pain or swelling in your joint. Before starting endurance exercises it's best to have a medical consultation to analyze your medical fitness.

In matter of Rheumatoid Arthritis prolonged medical Treatment is employed. Here Physiotherapy helps preserve ROM, muscle strength and to prevent joint deformity. Once joint deformity is established the patient may programmers severe ambulation problem. This can be prevented with medication along with timely physiotherapy.

'Think positive about Arthritis, Physiotherapist can assist you to lead a pain-free personally life'.


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